Annual report

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3,717 tonnes
Collected weight
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Collection points
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58.5 %
Collection rate
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Collection efficiency

Working together towards a brighter future

Batteries are changing. And so is how you collect them.

This statement may seem familiar to you because you also came across it in our previous annual report. And you will also find “change” in all our campaigns.

For example, we see more and more devices with built-in batteries. Did you know that almost 80% of all portable rechargeable batteries sold in Belgium are built into a device? These built-in batteries are a new challenge for Bebat, collection points and consumers. In order to help all 11 million Belgians deal with this best, we must inform them all through our communication campaigns.

We also see a huge upsurge in large batteries, such as home batteries and those in bicycles and cars. At Bebat, we ponder their life cycle. We are researching whether these batteries can be partially reused before going to recycling. This will become our new standard in the future. And this requires innovation, pioneering and technical excellence.

Environmental awareness starts at school.

The collection units in schools account for 9% of our total collection result. But Bebat goes even further and offers teaching packages for primary and secondary schools. We welcome almost 5,000 pupils every year at our visitor centre Villa Pila. Here, children learn about environmental awareness from an early age. This is how they brighten our world.

We reflect on 2022 with great satisfaction.

Collection increased by 2% to 3,717 tonnes thanks to the efforts of all Belgians, participants and collection points. This is a great achievement, especially since 5% fewer batteries were sold in 2022. The number of Bebat participants rose sharply to 4,591 with a total of 501 new companies affiliating in 2022.

Bebat continues to innovate.

We help companies active with batteries and together we develop smart solutions. For instance, in 2022, we rolled out all of our smart collection units that automatically report when they must be collected. We also developed special collection containers for the safe collection of large batteries.

Together with the home battery industry and Fluvius, we are working on an app that collects important technical data on home batteries. This is efficient and simple for companies. It also guarantees that the environmental contribution is paid only once even when a new homeowner moves in. Which is better for us all.

At Bebat, we see a future full of opportunities for people and the environment. Together, we continue to grow and work towards a better world for us all.

Peter Coonen
Managing Director
Yves Van Doren
Chair of the Management Body


At Bebat we work for a better environment by collecting ever more used batteries and recycling them ever better.
We make the collection and recycling process as easy, safe and efficient as possible.
We stimulate sustainable use, collection and recycling through a wide-ranging and transparent communication strategy.


Bebat is a non-profit organisation (NPO) established in 1995 by the battery manufacturers to enable companies to meet the take-back obligation. 

Bebat gives a new life to used batteries and ranks among the world leaders in the collection of used batteries. At our more than 24,000 collection points, used batteries can be handed in easily and free of charge. Bebat organises their collection as well as the sorting and recycling process.

The Bebat management board is formed by representatives of the following companies, organisations and government authorities: 

What does Bebat do for its participants?



Registering and reporting the number of batteries put on the market.


Collection network

Organising and maintaining a nationwide collection network.


Raise awareness

Raising consumer awareness and taking preventive actions.


Collection objective

Reaching the legal collection targets.


Reporting weight

Reporting the collected weight.


Recycling correctly

Recycling the collected batteries in the appropriate manner.


Recycling efficiencies

Achieving and reporting on the legal recycling rates.


Total number of participants.
Number of participants with an annual declaration 
Number of participants with a monthly declaration
Number of participants to bring separate batteries onto the market
Number of participants to only bring batteries onto the market that are insalled in a device
Number of participants to bring onto the market both separate batteries and batteries installed in a device
Batterijen uit pop


Bebat helps participants meet all legal obligations. We try to make the process as simple as possible and to communicate in a transparent manner. 

The audits are key in ensuring that all participants make a fair contribution to the Bebat system. Participants are audited at least once every 3 years. 

Full audits
Online audits

Batteries put on the market

* Note when using the figures: the figures are sometimes rounded to the unit. This may cause discrepancies between the totals displayed and the sum of the individual digits. 
Rechargeable versus non-rechargeable
Portable - Industrial - Automotive
Built-in versus replacement market
* Note: when using the figures: the figures are sometimes rounded to the unit. This may cause discrepancies between the totals displayed and the sum of the individual digits.
* Note: when using the figures: the figures are sometimes rounded to the unit. This may cause discrepancies between the totals displayed and the sum of the individual digits.


The number of batteries put on the market in 2022 was 262,170,597 units. This is a decrease of 14,426,703 batteries (-5%) compared to 2021. This is mainly due to decreases in zinc carbon (-46%), alkaline (-3%) and zinc air (-11%), but mitigated by an increase in lithium rechargeable (7%).

A total of 59,819 tonnes of batteries were put on the market in 2022. The total weight put on the market in 2022 increased by 3,130 tonnes compared to 2021. This corresponds to an increase of 6%. This increase is the result of the sharp rise in sales of ESS or home batteries. However, the increase is mitigated by a decline in the weight of primary (-7%) and general rechargeable (-3%) batteries. General rechargeable batteries are rechargeable batteries with the exception of rechargeable EV, bicycle and Home Batteries or ESS.

Within non-rechargeable batteries, alkaline (-8%), zinc-carbon (-4%), zinc-air (-6%) and silver-oxide (-17%) batteries decreased. Primary lithium batteries (2%) increased. For general rechargeable batteries, we saw a decrease in the weight of nickel-cadmium (-26%), nickel-metal hydride (-16%) and lithium rechargeable batteries (-33%), while the weight of lead batteries remained the same.

The weight of EV batteries (19%) put on the market also increased compared to 2021. Finally, there was a 1% increase in the weight of bicycle batteries put on the market.

We examined the evolutions in weights for the different battery categories and found the following.

The weight of portable batteries placed on the market decreased by 225 tonnes, or 4%. The largest absolute decreases were in nickel-metal hydride and alkaline batteries.

The weight of industrial batteries increased by 5,551 tonnes, or 27%, compared to 2021. This increase is mainly due to the rise in lead batteries (14% vs 2021) and strong growth in ESS or home batteries put on the market (4,510 tonnes).

The weight of automotive batteries decreased by 2,195 tonnes, or 7%, compared to 2021.

Collection results

Total collection result in terms of weight (in tonnes)
Collection results portable batteries in terms of weight (in tonnes)
Overall collection results per collection channel (in %)

Overall collection results per collection channel (in %)

The total amount of batteries collected in Belgium increased by 2%, or 87 tonnes, in 2022.

This is mainly due to increased collection from the retail, recycling centres and school channels. The 2% increase in 2022 for all regions combined across channels is in line with the efforts and initiatives we undertook throughout 2022 to maximise collection rates.

The figures here represent the weight of each collection channel by the region and for the whole of Belgium.

In Flanders, companies continued to be the most important collection channel (37%), followed by recycling centres (28%) and retailers (20%). In Wallonia, companies (33%), recycling centres (29%) and retail (18%) were also major collectors in 2022. In Brussels, the primary collection channels were retailers (33%) and companies (30%).

Batterijen in doosje

Collection rate

Collection rate 2022 Belgium

According to the official calculation method used in Belgium, the collection percentage achieved by Bebat in 2022 was 58.5%. However, this absolutely does not mean that the remaining 41.5% of batteries ends up in the environment.

Although the absolute collection rate by weight has increased by 2%, there is a slight decrease (0.5%) in the collection rate compared to 2021. This is mainly due to the increase in the average weight of portable batteries put on the market during the reference year and the 2 years preceding it. Furthermore, in recent years, lithium rechargeable batteries grew strongly. These have a much longer lifespan than the reference period of three years for calculating the collection rate. Bebat expects that the weight of rechargeable lithium batteries will continue to increase significantly in the coming years. It is clear that the current method of calculating the collection rate is no longer adequate and that the introduction of a collection rate calculation methodology based on what is available for collection is absolutely necessary.

With a collection percentage of 58.5%, Bebat easily meets the legal target for Belgium and exceeds the European target of 45% for 2022. Thanks to these results, Bebat remains at the top of the rankings, both in Europe and in the rest of the world.

Percentage recycling efficiency

As the legal calculation method does not paint a realistic picture of the actual collection efficiency, Bebat frequently has household waste streams tested for the presence of batteries. 

Several studies have shown household waste to contain just 1 battery per 100 kg of waste. This means that Bebat collects more than 90% of the batteries that consumers want to dispose of.

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Number of consumer movements

Appliances are becoming increasingly smaller, resulting in increasingly lighter batteries and a continuously lower average weight of the batteries collected by Bebat.

To collect the same amount of weight, consumers must return more batteries and, consequently, visit the collection points more often. In 2022, we generated more than 11,800,000 consumer movements.


An image of the Bebat Recycling Process

Sorting and processing

What do we sort and which materials can be recovered?

Processing plants

Recovering metals

What can we manufacture with the recovered materials?

The average Belgian and batteries

  • 2 to 3
    The number of times a year the average Belgian hands in his batteries at a Bebat collection point.
  • 131 batteries
    An average family home contains 131 batteries, 30 of which are empty. (58 portable batteries, 73 in a device).
  • 80%
    of Belgians claims to return their batteries to a Bebat collection point. On average, Belgians store 73% of their used batteries and return them to a collection point on a regular basis. In addition, 63% of batteries from rechargeable devices are stored and returned regularly. 
  • 22 batteries (*)
    On average, a Belgian buys 22 batteries per year. This amounts to 519 grams (*).15 batteries are bought separately in the store. The other 7 are already in a device.
    (*) Portable batteries only, not including industrial batteries.
  • 97%
    are familiar with the Bebat system.
  • 91%
    know the Bebat brand as opposed to just 51% in 2010.
  • 72%
    consider Bebat a role model in the environmental sector.

Bebat 2022 declarations of batteries placed on the market
N.I.S. official population figures 01/01/2022
IVOX battery study 2022
Various household waste analyses 2011-2021

Image of a women who throws batteries in the Bebat collection point

Marketing campaigns

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